1. Bauman, A., Sallis, J.F., & Owen, N. (2002). Environmental and policy measurement in physical activity research. pp. 241-251 In G.J. Welk (Ed.), Physical Activity Assessments for Health-Related Research. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

2. Frank, L.D., Andresen, M.A., & Schmid, T.L. (2004). Obesity relationships with community design, physical activity, and time spent in cars. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 27, 87-96.

3. Frank, L.D., Schmid, T.L., Sallis, J.F., Chapman, J., & Saelens, B.E. (in press). Linking objectively measured physical activity with objectively measured urban form: Findings from SMARTRAQ. American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

4. Glanz, K., Sallis, J.F., Saelens, B.E., & Frank, L.D. (in press). Healthy nutrition environments: concepts and measures. American Journal of Health Promotion.

5. Saelens, B.E. (2003). Helping individuals reduce sedentary behavior. pp. 217-238. In R.E. Andersen (Ed.), Obesity: Etiology, assessment, treatment, and prevention. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

6. Saelens, B.E., Sallis, J.F., Black, J., & Chen, D. (2003). Neighborhood-based differences in physical activity: An environment scale evaluation. American Journal of Public Health, 93, 1552-1558.   Read Paper

7. Saelens, B.E., Sallis, J.F., & Frank, L.D. (2003) Environmental correlates of walking and cycling: Findings from the transportation, urban design, and planning literatures. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 25, 80-91.

8. Sallis, J.F., Conway, T.L., Prochaska, J.J., McKenzie, T.L., Marshall, S.P., & Brown, M. (2001). The association of school environments with youth physical activity. American Journal of Public Health, 91, 618-620.

9. Sallis, J.F., & Owen, N. (2002). Ecological models of health behavior. pp. 462-484. In K. Glanz, B.K. Rimer, and F.M. Lewis (Eds.), Health Behavior and Health Education: Theory, Research, and Practice, 3rd ed. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

10. Sallis, J.F., & Orleans, C.T. (2004). Ecological models: Application to physical activity. pp. 288-290. In N.B. Anderson (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Health and Behavior, Vol 1. Thousand Oaks: Sage.

11. Brownson, R.C., Chang, J.J., Eyler, A.A., Ainsworth, B.E., Kirtland, K., Saelens, B.E., and Sallis, J.F. (2004). Measuring the environment for friendliness toward physical activity: A comparison of the reliability of 3 questionnaires. American Journal of Public Health, 94, 473-483  Read Paper

12. Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, James F. Sallis, Brian E. Saelens. Environmental Correlates of Physical Activity in a Sample of Belgian Adults. Am J Health Promot 2003;18[1]:83-92.  Read Paper

13. Eva Leslie, Brian Saelens, Lawrence Frank, Neville Owen, Adrian Bauman, Neil Coffee, Graeme Hugo. Residents’ perceptions of walkability attributes in objectively different neighbourhoods: a pilot study Health & Place In press  Read Paper

14. Owen, N., Humpel, N., Leslie, E., Bauman, A. and Sallis, J.F. (2004). Understanding environmental influences on walking: Review and research agenda. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 27,67-76.  Read Paper

15. Badland, H.M., Schofield, G.M., & Schluter, P.J. (in press). Objectively measured commute distance: Associations with actual travel modes and perceptions to place of work or study in Auckland , New Zealand . Journal of Physical Activity and Health.

16. Badland, H. & Schofield, G. (2006). Perceptions of replacing car journeys with non-motorised travel: Exploring relationships in a cross-sectional adult population sample. Preventive Medicine, 43 (3), 222-225.

17. Badland, H. & Schofield, G. (2006). Test-retest reliability of a survey to measure transport-related physical activity in adults. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 77 (3), 398-402 .

18. Badland, H. M. & Schofield, G. (2006). Understanding the relationship between town size and physical activity levels: A population study. Health & Place, 12 (4), 538-546 .

19. Badland, H. M. & Schofield, G. (2005). The built environment and transport-related physical activity: What we do and do not know. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 2 (4), 433-442.

20. Badland, H. M. & Schofield, G. (2005). Transport, urban design, and physical activity: An evidence based-update. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 1 0(3), 177-196.

21. Burgoine T, Lake AA, Stamp E, Alvanides S, Mathers JC, Adamson AJ. Changing foodscapes 1980-2000, using the ASH30 Study. Appetite. 2009;53(2):157-65. Read Paper

22. Townshend T, Lake AA. Obesogenic urban form: Theory, policy and practice. Health & Place. 2009;15(4):909-16. Read Paper

Active Living Research Literature Citations


Leslie E, Coffee N, Frank L, Owen N, Bauman A, Hugo G. (2007). Walkability of local communities: using Geographical Information Systems to objectively assess relevant environmental attributes. Health and Place, 13(1):111-122. Read Paper

Owen N, Cerin E, Leslie E, Du Toit L, Coffee N, Frank L, Bauman A, Hugo G, Saelens BE, Sallis JF. (2007). Neighborhood walkability and the walking behavior of Australian adults. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 33(5), 387-395. Read Paper

Leslie E, Cerin E. (2008). Are perceptions of the local environment related to neighbourhood satisfaction and mental health in adults? Preventive Medicine, doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2008.01.014.
Read Paper

Cerin E, Leslie E, Du Toit L, Owen N, Frank L. (2007). Destinations that matter: associations with walking for transport. Health and Place, 13, 713-724. Read Paper

Compilation of publications from The Heart Foundation (2011). Read publications.


Titze, S., Stronegger, W., Janschitz, S. & Oja, P. (2007). Environmental, social, and personal correlates of cycling for transportation in a student population. Journal of Physical Activity & Health, 66-79 .


Van Dyck D, Deforche B, Cardon G, De Bourdeaudhuij I. (2009). Neighbourhood walkability and its particular importance for adults with a preference for passive transport. Health & Place, 15, 496-504.

Van Dyck D, Cardon G, Deforche B, Sallis JF, Owen N, De Bourdeaudhuij I. (2010) Neighborhood SES and walkability are related to physical activity behavior in Belgian adults. Preventive Medicine, 50, S74-S79.

Van Dyck D, Cerin E, Cardon G, Deforche B, Sallis JF, Owen N, De Bourdeaudhuij I. (2010). Physical activity as a mediator of the associations between neighborhood walkability and adiposity in Belgian adults. Health & Place, 16, 952-960.

Van Dyck D, Cardon G, Deforche B, Owen N, Sallis JF, De Bourdeaudhuij I. (2010). Neighborhood Walkability and Sedentary Time in Belgian Adults. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 39(1), 25-32.

Van Dyck D, Cardon G, Deforche B, De Bourdeaudhuij I. (2011). Do adults like livingin high-walkable neighborhoods? Associations of walkability parameters with neighborhood satisfaction and possible mediators. Health & Place, 17, 971-977.

Van Dyck D, Cardon G, Deforche B, Owen N, De Bourdeaudhuij I. (2011). Relationships between neighborhood walkability and adults' physical activity: How important is residential self-selection? Health & Place, 17, 1011-1014.


Reis Rodrigo. Brazilian version of NEWS (in Portuguese). Read Paper

Diaz del Castillo, A., Sarmiento, O., Reis, R., and Brownson, R. (2011). Translating evidence to policyL urban interventions and physical activity promotion in Bogota, Columbia and Curitiba, Brazil. Translational Behavioral Medicine 1(2), 350-360.

Hino, A.A.F., Reis, R., Sarmiento, O., Parra, D., and Brownson, R. (2011). The built environment and recreational physical activity among adults in Curitiba, Brazil. Preventive Medicine 52(6), 419-422.

Gomes et al.: Walking for leisure among adults from three Brazilian cities and its association with perceived environment attributes and personal factors. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2011 8:111. Read Paper

Rech CR, Sarabia TT, Fermino RC, Hallal PC, Reis RS. Propriedades psicométricas de uma escala de
autoeficácia para a prática de atividade física em adultos da Cidade de Curitiba, Brasil. Rev Panam
Salud Publica. 2011:29(4):259–66. Read Paper

Rech CR, Fermino RC, Hallal PC, Reis RS. Validation and reliability of the satisfaction scale for physical activity in adults Rev Saúde Pública 2011;45(2) Read Paper

Rech CR, Reis RS, Hino AAF, Rodriguez-Añez CR, Fermino RF, Gonçalves PB, Hallal PC. Neighborhood safety and physical inactivity in adults from Curitiba, Brazil. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2012, 9:72 doi:10.1186/1479-5868-9-72. Read Paper

Reis RS, Hino AAF, Parra DC, Hallal PC, Brownson RC. Bicycling and Walking for Transportation in Three Brazilian Cities. Am J Prev Med 2013;44(2):e9–e17 Link

Hino AAF, Rech CR, Gonçalves PB, Hallal PC, Reis RS. Projeto ESPAÇOS de Curitiba, Brasil: aplicabilidade
de métodos mistos de pesquisa e informações georreferenciadas em estudos sobre atividade
física e ambiente construído. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2012;32(3):226–33. Read Paper

Kienteka M, Rech CR, Fermino RC, Reis RS. Validity and reliability of an instrument to
measure barriers to bike use in adults. Rev Bras Cineantropom Desempenho Hum 2012, 14(6):624-635. Read Paper

Fermino RC, Reis RS, Hallal PC, Cazuza de Farias Jr, J. Perceived environment and public open space use: a study with adults from Curitiba, Brazil. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2013, 10:35 Read Paper

Hino, A.A.F., Reis, R.S., Sarmiento, O.L., Parra, D.C., and Brownson, R.C. (2013) Built Environment and Physical Activity for Transportation in Adults from Curitiba, Brazil. Journal of Urban Health (Impact Factor: 2.13). 10/2013; DOI:10.1007/s11524-013-9831-x Read Paper

Arango, C.M., Paez, D.C., Reis, R.S., Brownson, R.C., and Parra, D.C. (2013) Association between the perceived environment and physical activity among adults in Latin America: a systematic review. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 10:122. Read Paper

Reis, R.S., Hino, A.A.F., Rech, C.R., Kerr, J., and Hallal, P.C. (2013) Walkability and Physical Activity: Findings from Curitiba, Brazil. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2013, 45(3):269-275. Read Paper

Czech Republic:

3rd International Conference on Concept Lattices and their Applications (CLA2005). September 7-9, 2005. Olomouc, Czech Republic. ISBN 80-248-0863-3. This conference was realized thanks to Department of Computer Science,Palacky University, Olomouc and Department of Computer Science, VŠB -Technical University of Ostrava. Read Paper


Inoue, S., Ohya, Y., Odagiri, Y., Takamiya, T., Ishii, K., Kitabayashi, M., Suijo, K., Sallis, J.F., and Shimomitsu, T.  (2010).  Association between perceived neighborhood environment and walking among adults in 4 cities in Japan.  Journal of Epidemiology, 20, 277-286.  doi:10.2188/jea.JE20090120 


Sanne I. de Vries a , Ingrid Bakker a , Marijke Hopman-Rock , Remy A. Hirasing a , Willem van Mechelen Selecting an appropriate motion sensor in children and adolescents. Read Paper

Stef PJ Kremers, Gert-Jan de Bruijn, Tommy LS Visscher, Willem van Mechelen, Nanne K de Vries and Johannes Brug Environmental influences on energy balance-related behaviors: A dual-process view International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2006, 3 :9 Read Paper

New Zealand:

Badland, H.M., Schofield, G.M., Witten, K., Schluter, P.J., Mavoa, S., Kearns, R.A., et al. (2009). Understanding the Relationship between Activity and Neighbourhoods (URBAN) Study: research design and methodology. BMC Public Health, 9, 224. Read Paper

Hinckson, E.A., Duncan, S., Oliver, M., Mavoa, S., Cerin, E., Badland, H., Stewart, T., Ivory, V., McPhee, J., Schofield, G. (2014). Built environment and physical activity in New Zealand adolescents: a protocol for a cross-sectional study. BMJ Open, 4, BMJ Open 2014;4:e004475 doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2013-004475. Read Paper


Jorge Mota, Nuno Delgado, Mariana Almeida, José Carlos Ribeiro, and Maria Paula Santos Physical Activity, Overweight, and Perceptions of Neighborhood Environments Among Portuguese Girls Journal of Physical Activity and Health , 2006, 3, 314-322. Read Paper

Jorge Mota, et al. Active versus passive transportation to school – differences in screen time, socio-economic position and perceived environmental characteristics in adolescent girls 2007.
Read Paper

South Africa:

Kruger, H.S., Venter, C., Vorster, H.H., Margetts, B., (2002). Physical Inactivity is the Major Determinant of Obesity in Black Women in the North West Province, South Africa: The THUSA Study. Nutrition, 18,422-427.  Read Paper


Molina-Garcia, J., Castillo, I., and Sallis, J.F.  (2010).  Psychosocial and environmental correlates of active commuting for university students.  Preventive Medicine 51, 136-138. 


Sundquist K, Eriksson U, Kawakami N, Skog L, Ohlsson H, Arvidsson D. (2011). Neighborhood walkability, physical activity, and walking behavior: the Swedish Neighborhood and Physical Activity (SNAP) study. Social Science & Medicine, 72 (8), 1266.

United Kingdom:

Roger L Mackett and Belinda Brown (2011). Transport, Physical Activity and Health: Present knowledge and the way ahead. Scanning Study commissioned by the Department for Transport, London, Great Britain Read Report

United States:

Ester Cerin, Brian E. Saelens, James F. Sallis, and Lawrence D. Frank. Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale:Validity and Development of a Short Form Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 2006. Read Paper

John C. Spence, Nicoleta Cutumisu, Joy Edwards and Judy Evans. Influence of neighbourhood design and access to facilities on overweight among preschool children. International Journal of Pediatric Obesity 2008 Read Paper

Frank, L.D., Sallis, J.F., Saelens, B.E., Leary, L., Cain, K., Conway, T.L., and Hess, P.M.  (2010).  The development of a walkability index: Application to the Neighborhood Quality of Life Study.  British Journal of Sports Medicine, 43, 124-131. Read Paper

Sallis, J.F. (2011) Environmental and Policy Research on Physical Activity is Going Global. Res Exerc Epidemiol 2011; 13(2): 111-117. Read Paper


Cerin E (2010). Statistical Approaches to Testing the Relationships of the Built Environment with Resident-Level Physical Activity Behavior and Health Outcomes in Cross-Sectional Studies with Cluster Sampling. Journal of Planning Literature, upcoming

Bauman, A., Ainsworth, B.E., Bull, F., Craig, C.L., Hagstromer, M., Sallis, J.F., Pratt, M., and Sjostrom, M.  (2009).  Progress and pitfalls in the use of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire [IPAQ] for adult physical activity surveillance.  Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 5 (suppl. 1), S5-S8.  (invited commentary)

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